Teeth sensitivity, also known as "dentin hypersensitivity" or "tooth hypersensitivity", is a condition where the teeth become abnormally sensitive to hot, cold, sweet, acidic, or sticky foods. The condition can also be triggered by changes in temperature, such as from cold air. Teeth sensitivity is a common problem, affecting an estimated 1 in 8 adults. It can happen with one tooth, multiple teeth, or all of the teeth. The symptoms of teeth sensitivity can range from mild to severe and can come and go.
Tooth sensitivity can be extremely uncomfortable. The most common symptom of sensitive teeth is pain, and this pain can be sharp, sudden, and intense. It can happen when you eat or drink something hot, cold, sweet, or acidic. It can also happen when you breathe in cold air. Other symptoms can include:
- Pain when brushing or flossing your teeth
- Pain when eating or drinking hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods
- Pain when breathing in cold air
- A consistent dull ache in your teeth
- A tingling sensation in your teeth
There are many different things that can cause sensitive teeth. The most common cause is tooth decay. Enamel is the protective layer that surrounds your teeth. Dentin is the layer under the enamel that contains tiny tubes that lead to the nerves in your teeth. When the dentin is exposed, these tubes can become irritated and cause pain. When tooth decay starts to damage the enamel, it can expose the inner layer of your teeth, the dentin. Other causes of sensitive teeth include:
- Gum disease
- Worn tooth enamel
- Teeth grinding (bruxism) This can make your teeth more sensitive.
- Gum disease
- Wearing down of the enamel
- Teeth grinding (bruxism)
- Tooth whitening
- Acidic foods and drinks
-Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Dental procedures, such as teeth cleaning, tooth filling, or tooth extraction
If you're suffering from sensitive teeth, there are a few things you can do to get relief. The first step is to see your dentist. They can help you figure out what's causing your sensitive teeth and come up with a treatment plan. Treatment options include:
- Desensitizing toothpaste
- Fluoride treatments
- Capping or bonding
- Root canal treatment
There are a few things you can do to prevent sensitive teeth. First, practice good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing regularly. Avoid sugary and acidic food such as candy and soda. If you grind your teeth, talk to your dentist about getting a mouth guard. And lastly, be sure to see your dentist regularly for checkups and cleanings.
If you are worried about tooth sensitivity or the wearing down of the enamel on your teeth, don’t wait to see a dentist! Our experienced and friendly dentists at Apple Tree Dental can help you figure out what's causing the problem and come up with a treatment plan. Not only are we here to help you have the best oral health, but we want to make sure you have a positive experience at our office. Contact us today to schedule an appointment!